Hungary, one in every of Europe’s gigawatt-scale photo voltaic markets, is a hotbed of exercise. Nevertheless, modifications in authorities coverage and grid constraints solid an extended shadow over the rising demand for photo voltaic power. pv journal lately spoke with Ádám Szolnoki, the president of the Hungarian Photovoltaic Business Affiliation (MANAP), in regards to the newest developments out there.
pv journal: With greater than 4 GW of PV technology capability put in on the finish of final 12 months, photo voltaic momentum is constructing in Hungary. What are the principle drivers behind this development?
Szolnok: In keeping with the most recent figures from the Hungarian transmission system operator, we will likely be at greater than 4.5 GW of cumulative put in PV capability on the finish of the primary quarter of this 12 months.
Within the underneath 50 kW rooftop section, we had two consecutive document years with about 400 MW put in. In 2021, there will likely be an enormous surge in installations on account of fears of the top of a superb internet metering scheme. Final 12 months, our centrally regulated electrical energy costs for households and small companies, that are the bottom in Europe, doubled as a result of power disaster brought on by the struggle in Ukraine and that signifies that the everybody desires PV.
Within the over 50 kW market section, the place utility-scale PV crops account for the lion’s share, set up numbers are additionally robust. There are about 5 GW of allotted capability for utility-scale PV to be constructed within the subsequent 4 to 5 years, however these are outdated capacities, which means the appliance was acquired three or 4 years in the past.
Grid congestion hampers Hungary’s large-scale photo voltaic launch. How severe is that this menace?
Within the final two years, no utility-scale mission has gained grid connection. Nevertheless, about 3 GW of tasks that submitted purposes final 12 months acquired their solutions from the grid operator in mid-Could that they might not be linked earlier than 2028. It took 12 months for the massive ones to be revealed. PV mission.
Final 12 months, the rooftop PV market took successful from the coverage shift. What can we see on this space right this moment?
In October, the Hungarian authorities launched a provision for sub-50 kW PV installations, the place new techniques can now not feed into the grid. This led to a common collapse in gross sales of latest techniques. Right now, we’re seeing some exercise on this market section, albeit declining.
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The most recent subject of pv journal celebrates China’s journey from photo voltaic new entrant to putting in greater than 100 GW(AC) of panels this 12 months – Vincent Shaw and Frank Haugwitz take into account the outstanding 20-year journey. We are going to have a look at what Indonesia wants to realize its net-zero ambition and in addition discover the stirrings of a photo voltaic renaissance in Europe, by commerce exhibits and gigafatory planning.
We expect a call in August concerning the potential lifting of this feed-in ban, which was initially launched as a safety measure because the grid is getting worse. A brand new internet billing, which we name gross metering, is within the works however the guidelines haven’t but been outlined.
Can photo voltaic discover a option to thrive regardless of these challenges?
Positively. Within the sub-50 kW market section, I can think about that the set up numbers will likely be decrease this 12 months and even on the identical degree as a result of solely days earlier than the introduction of the feed-in ban about 100,000 baggage -one software got here they usually had been delivered. On the utility-scale facet, if one in every of these 5 GW of allotted capability is constructed annually, that signifies that even 2023 will likely be a document 12 months with greater than 1 GW in whole.
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