A brand new IEA PVPS Activity 18 report offers blueprint steering on the way to conduct feasibility research for off-grid and edge-of-grid energy methods. The optimum system dimension and specs will fluctuate relying on the shopper’s priorities. The specified outcomes of the undertaking may be recognized utilizing pure monetary evaluation (NPV, IRR) or extra consideration of environmental efficiency.
Off-grid and edge-of-grid energy methods have elevated in prevalence and complexity over the previous few many years as the price of photo voltaic PV, and now power storage, has dropped dramatically. With the maturation of the off-grid and edge-of-grid electrical energy market, buyers have additionally grow to be extra savvy. Thus, you will need to perceive the way to plan a undertaking that meets the wants of the asset proprietor, finish customers and all different stakeholders. Whereas any such evaluation normally focuses totally on the economics of the undertaking, you will need to contemplate social, behavioral and environmental components as nicely.
A report produced by the IEA PVPS Activity 18, goals to supply steering to stakeholders concerned within the design and improvement of off-grid photovoltaic (PV) tasks by offering complete steering on feasibility research. It’s supposed for use as a reference device throughout the early levels of the planning and decision-making processes for such tasks.
All feasibility research are totally different; Every undertaking is developed in a novel context consisting of various places, stakeholders, web site situations, targets, constraints, and alternatives. Sadly, there are a lot of examples of well-intentioned however poorly thought-about tasks that partially or fully fail to meet their promise and/or potential. The explanations for these failures are many and diverse however, in lots of circumstances, may be attributed to errors and misunderstandings within the preliminary section of the undertaking’s feasibility.
In response to the Activity 18 report, the important thing steps concerned in conducting a feasibility examine are:
· Establish undertaking aims: This part offers steering on the way to contain stakeholders within the undertaking to find out the perfect final result of the undertaking. These outcomes may be monetary, social and/or environmental.
· Website Choice and Useful resource Evaluation: This part offers steering on the way to choose an acceptable web site for an off-grid PV undertaking and the way to assess its photo voltaic useful resource potential. It emphasizes the significance of correct climate information and photo voltaic radiation measurements, and offers steering on the way to make measurements in situ.
· System Design: This part offers steering on the way to design an off-grid PV system that meets undertaking targets and web site constraints. It covers necessary design issues similar to system sizing, element choice, and system reliability.
· Monetary Evaluation: This part offers steering on the way to conduct a monetary evaluation of an off-grid PV undertaking, together with cost-benefit evaluation, money stream evaluation, and undertaking financing choices.
A case examine is introduced within the report from a distant indigenous-owned and operated cattle station positioned 10 km from the grid in Australia’s Northern Territory (NT). This cattle station is powered by a diesel era system. The shopper on this case examine required a feasibility evaluation to resolve whether or not to proceed working the location’s enterprise as regular (BAU), connect with the grid, or improve the facility system to a PV / BESS / Diesel Hybrid . As well as, if the feasibility examine reveals that it’s helpful to put in a standalone hybrid energy station, the Consumer must know the impression of various system designs (ie smaller vs. bigger ones system) of the undertaking’s financial, social and environmental outcomes.
The shopper desires to:
· Maximize monetary returns
· Bettering the reliability of the facility system
· Reduce operational price fluctuations
· Enhancing environmental sustainability
Utilizing these design ideas, the case examine seeks to know whether or not the shopper ought to stay BAU, connect with the grid or create a PV / BESS / Diesel Hybrid system. The case examine goes on to carry out a full load and provide profile evaluation and assigns the suitable capital expenditure (Capex) and operational expenditure (Opex) to every possibility.
The output metrics can then be considered in several methods to point out the shopper the trade-offs that may be made between the recognized design patterns. The feasibility examine (and thus the case examine) makes use of contour (aka topological) graphs for multivariant evaluation. For instance, if the shopper desires to optimize primarily based on Web Current Worth (NPV) and Inside Fee of Return (IRR) by various the dimensions of the BESS and the dimensions of the PV System, the next graph reveals these relationships.
The place the black dotted contour line represents unfavorable NPV, the black-solid contour line represents constructive NPV and the pink contour line represents IRR. Given this multivariant evaluation, the optimization may be positioned the place the NPV and IRR are the best and that is proven with a blue dot.
The above optimization is only monetary, nevertheless, if the shopper desires to have a look at an environmental metric just like the Renewable Vitality Fraction (REF) that represents the quantity of power offered from a renewable origin as a share of the whole power provide, in comparison with a monetary measure similar to NPV, the next contour graph can be utilized.
It may be seen that selecting a distinct optimization criterion can change the specified BESS and Photo voltaic PV system dimension.
The IEA PVPS Activity 18 report reveals how stakeholder engagement and multivariant, multi-criteria optimization can be utilized to seek out the perfect final result for the undertaking. General, the report offers complete steering on conducting feasibility research for off-grid PV tasks, offering stakeholders with the instruments and data wanted to make knowledgeable selections all through the method. in planning and improvement.
This text is a part of the IEA PVPS program’s month-to-month column. It’s contributed to the IEA PVPS Activity 18 – Off-Grid and Edge-of-Grid PV Techniques. Extra data may be discovered within the latest report on Activity 18: Blueprint on the way to conduct feasibility research on off-grid and edge-of-grid energy methods.
By Christopher Martell, GSES, Australia
The views and opinions expressed on this article are these of the creator, and don’t essentially replicate these held by pv journal.
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