Turkey has launched a hydrogen roadmap as a part of its plans to attain 2035 net-zero emissions targets, counting on photo voltaic vitality and importing electrolysis applied sciences within the brief time period. Gulmira Rzayeva, analysis fellow on the Oxford Institute for Vitality Research, says this goal is practical.
The Turkish authorities has launched a brand new strategic street map for hydrogen applied sciences. The nation plans to provide hydrogen at $2.40/kg by 2035, and goals to halve this determine by 2050, in response to the Turkish vitality minister, Fatih Donmez.
“If we discuss Turkey, every part is feasible. I’m positive it should attain the hydrogen goal. Crucial factor is reasonable electrical energy, which is especially from photo voltaic,” stated Gulmira Rzayeva, senior visiting analysis fellow on the Oxford Institute for Vitality Research, stated. pv journal.
Renewable vitality worth tendencies, water availability, native demand, and the flexibleness of nationwide assist schemes assist hydrogen worth forecasts. Rzayeva stated that Turkey will import electrolysis know-how within the medium time period.
“For the time being, Turkey doesn’t have this sort of know-how,” he defined. “Presently, if the nation decides to go for inexperienced hydrogen, it should import electrolyzers.”
He added that the nation will spend money on innovation to develop electrolysis know-how inside the subsequent decade.
“Turkey will attempt, within the subsequent few years, to copy the success story we’ve seen in PV know-how,” he stated. “A decade in the past, it imported 100% of PV know-how – now it produces domestically as much as 90% of PV know-how.”
The Oxford Institute for Vitality Research Analysis Fellow stated the nation goals to combine as much as 2% to five% hydrogen in gasoline grids earlier than 2030, 10% in 2040, and 20% in 2050.
Rzayeva stated that Turkey will enhance the manufacturing of PV vitality with or with out hydrogen.
“Factoring in hydrogen manufacturing, the rise can be stronger than the anticipated targets.” Presently, Turkey expects photo voltaic put in energy to succeed in 52,900 MW by 2035.
Renewable vitality sources, with a 16.7% share of main vitality consumption in 2020, are anticipated to extend to 23.7% in 2035.
“The Turkish authorities is aggressively pushing to assist PV, principally by feed-in-tariffs and auctions. With every public sale, the price of wind and photo voltaic is reducing. The federal government is supporting renewables by offering ensures to purchase for 10 years, “stated Rzayeva. “The corporate can promote it to the federal government or to the alternate platforms additionally at the next worth. There’s a nice curiosity.”
Presently, the principle impediment for Turkey’s hydrogen ambitions comes from coverage uncertainty – primarily within the European Union, stated Rzayeva.
“From a enterprise standpoint, it isn’t sure what the market can be in a number of years. There isn’t any market regulation or design,” he stated. “There are various dangers in investing in hydrogen manufacturing and export services. It took a while for Turkey to have a transparent image.
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